Types of Cerebral Palsy: Spastic

Spastic Cerebral Palsy is the most common of the four cerebral palsy types. it is associated with thigh muscles which case difficulty moving, or stiff and jerky movements.

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The term Spasticity refers to an inability to relax a muscle.  Spastic Cerebral Palsy results in the muscles being in a constant state of increased tension.

Some symptoms which are commonly associated with spastic cerebral palsy include:

  • Stiff, jerky and difficult movements
  • Exaggerated stretch reflex (muscles contract forcefully when stretched)
  • Difficulty changing positions
  • Limited movements due to tight muscles
  • Trouble holding objects

Spastic Cerebral Palsy accounts for approximately 70% of all children with cerebral palsy.  The disability can impact different combinations of the arms and legs depending on the type of spastic cerebral palsy.

  • Spastic Hemiplegia Cerebral Palsy: muscles on only one side of the body are affected (the arm and leg on either the right or left side)
  • Spastic Triplegia Cerebral Palsy: affects muscles of three limbs (any combination of arms and/or legs)
  • Spastic Diplegia Cerebral Palsy: affects one set of extremities or the other (either both arms or both legs)
  • Spastic Monoplegia Cerebral Palsy: affects the muscle of only one limb (any one arm or leg)
  • Spastic Quadriplegia Cerebral Palsy: affects the muscles of both arms and both legs, and is commonly associated with mental retardation, seizures and difficulty swallowing


  1. Athetoid Cerebral Palsy: Associated with uncontrolled and involuntary movements.  Accounts for approximately 20%.
  2. Ataxic Cerebral Palsy: Shaky movements and unsteady balance.  Least common type, accounting for approximately 10%.
  3. Mixed Cerebral Palsy: A combination of types, usually Spastic and Athetoid.

Determining what type of cerebral palsy a child has will assist in determining what sort of symptoms and disabilities the child will face. In addition, it will assist in determining the various cerebral palsy treatment options which may be available for the child.


In many cases, cerebral palsy may have been caused by a medical mistake at birth resulting in a brain injury.  If your child has been diagnosed with cerebral palsy, the lawyers can investigate the circumstances surrounding the birth and have medical records reviewed by qualified experts to determine whether the financial compensation may be available through a spastic cerebral palsy lawsuit.

There are no fees or expenses unless a recovery is obtained for the child. However, there are different deadlines in each state which could bar the child’s right to obtain cerebral palsy benefits, so it is important to have any potential claim reviewed as soon as you can.